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The theory behind True Colors
goes back to Hippocrates, who identified four different types of human beings; the Sanguine (buoyant, cheerful, hopeful, optimistic, sunny), the Choleric (angry, cantankerous, peevish, irate, testy), the Phlegmatic (languid, lethargic, listless, indifferent, passive), and the Melancholic (dejected, despondent, gloomy, morose). While these definitions are from the Webster’s Thesaurus rather than from Hippocrates, it shows the different personality or temperament characteristics.
True Colors In more recent years,
Carl Jung described personality or temperament differences as a way to understanding people. When Jung’s Psychological Type, was translated into English in 1923, it had an impact on Katherine C. Briggs, who had been studying people for years. This lead to Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs-Myers, developing the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Their theory states that much of the random variation in human behavior is actually quite orderly. In their work, they identified and characterized sixteen (16) different types of people.
The True Colors Test During the past thirty-five years,
David Keirsey has refined the work of Myers-Briggs. In his publication, Please Understand Me, he returned to classifying personality and/or temperament into four types. According to Keirsey, these four different types are different in fundamental ways. They want different things. They have different motives, needs, and drives. They analyze, conceptualize, understand, and learn differently. These differences create natural barriers to interpersonal communication, making understanding between people of different types difficult.
The True Colors metaphor
has been developed from the work of Keirsey. Don Lowry’s book, Keys to Personal Success, translates his theory into simple and practically applied information. It takes complex ideas from both academia and psychotherapy and creates real-life applications.
A considerable body of information
supports the theory that there are four patterns of habitual human behavior or temperament: (Adickes, 1907; Spranger, 1920; Kreschmar, 1920, 1960; Fromm, 1947; Keirsey, 1967, 1978).
True Colors knowledge also supports the theory that these four patterns of behavior are the key to individual self-esteem and its growth: (Jung, 1920; Hillman, 1979; Keirsey, 1973; Lawrence, 1979, 1980; Provost, 1987)
What Are The True Colors?
Orange represents energy, consuming physiological, power, potency and strength. In temporal terms, Orange is the present. Orange represents desire and all forms of appetite and craving. Those with Orange as a Primary Color feel the will to achieve results, to win, to be successful. They seek things that offer intense living and full experience. Orange generates an impulse toward active doing: sport, struggle, competition and enterprising productivity.
Gold reflects a need to belong through carrying a share of the load in all areas of living. It represents stability, maintenance of the culture and the organization, efficiency, and dependability. It embraces the concepts of home and family with fierce loyalty and faithfulness. Gold is the body’s natural perceptions. It represents a need to be responsible, to fulfill duties and obligations, to organize and structure our life and that of others. Those with Gold as a Primary Color value being practical and sensible. They believe that people should earn their way in life through work and service to others.
Green expresses itself as human will in operation: as persistence and determination. Green is an expression of firmness and consistency. Its strength can lead to a resistance to change if it is not proven that the change will work or is warranted. Those with Green as a Primary Color value their intellect and capabilities above all else. Comfort in these areas creates a sense of personal security and self-esteem. Green characteristics seek to increase the certainty of their own values through being assertive and requiring differences from others in intellectual areas. They are rarely settled in their countenance, since they depend upon information rather than feelings to create a sense of well-being. Green expresses the grounding of theory and data in its practical applications and creative constructs.
Blue represents calm. Contemplation of this color pacifies the central nervous system. It creates physiological tranquility and psychological contentment. Those with Blue as a Primary Color value balance and harmony. They prefer lives free from tension… settled, united, and secure.
Blue represents loyalty and a sense of belonging, and yet, when friends are involved, a vulnerability. Blue corresponds to depth in feeling and a relaxed sensitivity. It is characterized by empathy, aesthetic experiences, and reflective awareness
“True Colors is a trademark of True Colors International, Inc.”